BARANGAY PROFILE


Barangay Official:
Barangay Captain: Gresilda R. Lumawon
Councilors: Raul Isagani P. Paz
  Redanto P. Peraz, Jr.
  Nelson L. Paz
  Arnel M. Quidep
  Rudolfo R. Julia
  Wilfredo A. Calwit
  Ruben M. Cao
SK Chairman: Reymark S. Arroco
Secretary: Eugene Capital
Treasurer: Elen Embudo

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND

Early part of the 19th century, the land of Mahaba was covered by thick forest. In the forest there grew big trees, bananas, “kaubyan” trees and wild grasses. There were no highways for automobile.

It was named “mahaba” because of a long road from Ligao proper to brangay Mahaba without any intersection.

Today, the barangay is divided into two: “Mahabang-maigsi (halipot)” meaning short and “Mahabang-mahaba (halaba)” meaning long. Such division came to be because of the disagreement in their feast day.

“Mahabang-mahaba” celebrates the feast day of Señor San Roque every 15th day of June and “Mahabang-maigsi” celebrates the feast day of San Isidro every 15th day of August.


GEOGRAPHY/TOPOGRAPHY

Mahaba has a total land area of 278.43 hectares (ha). 60% of this is agricultural land and 40% is residential land. It is bounded on the East by Barangay Barayong; on the West by the Municipality of Oas; on the North by Barangay Busay; and on the South by Barangay Tinago.

It has a tropical climate. Heavy rainfall occurs during the months of June to November and the dry season is from the month of January to May.


Demography

According to the 2012 Community Based Monitoring System (CBMS) Survey, the total number of households is 703 with a population of 3,164 where 1,661 are male and 1,503 are female. It has an average household size of 5. The number of members according to their age group and sex is the following:

Age Year Sex Total
Male Female
0 to less than 5 179 164 343
5 to less than 10 200 163 363
10 to less than 15 213 200 413
15 to less than 20 208 167 375
20 to less than 25 139 106 245
25 to less than 30 93 75 168
30 to less than 35 106 100 206
35 to less than 40 90 78 168
40 to less than 45 81 90 171
45 to less than 50 97 82 179
50 to less than 55 65 72 137
55 to less than 60 58 55 113
60 to less than 65 46 47 93
65 to less than 70 36 32 68
70 to less than 75 30 34 64
75 to less than 80 8 15 23
80 to less than 85 10 16 26
85 to less than 90 1 5 6
90 to less than 95 0 2 2
95 to less than 100 1 0 1
Total 1661 1503 3164

During the survey, the number of members who are 17 years old and above is 1,883, yet the number of the registered voters is 1,480, garnering 78.60% of the actual voters in the barangay.


Health and Nutrition

There are 42 children who are classified as malnourished in the barangay, 25 of whom are male and 17 are female. The following table shows the nutritional status of children:

Nutritional Status Number of children 0-5 years old Nutrition status of children 0-5 years old
Total Male Female Total Male Female
  412 217 196      
  Above Normal       1 1 0
  Normal       332 166 166
  Below Normal (moderate)       36 22 14
  Below Normal (severe)       6 3 3
               

There is 1 incidence that children under 5 years old died and no incidences where a woman died due to pregnancy related-causes death.


Housing

There are 37 households in the barangay that lives in makeshift housing or an improvised housing built of waste materials which are usually from burned or condemned structures, which are being used as living quarters at the time of the census. Most of these households can be found in Purok 1 (15 households). There are 4 households who are informal settlers or where the housing units have been constructed on land that the occupants have no legal claim to, or occupy illegally. Purok 1 and 4 have the most number of households with no access with 2 each. The table below shows the tenure status in the barangay:

 Tenure Status Magnitude Proportion
  Owner, owner-like possession of house and lot 611 86.91
  Rent house/room including lot 2 0.28
  Own house, rent-free lot with consent of owner 57 8.11
  Own house, rent-free lot without consent of owner 3 0.43
  Rent-free house and lot with consent of owner 25 3.56
  Living in a public space with rent 0 0.00
  Living in a public space without rent 1 0.14
  Other tenure status 4 0.57

Water and Sanitation

114 or 16.2% of households have no access to sanitary toilet facilities. Purok 3 has the most number of households with no access with 32. The table below shows the toilet facility in the barangay:

 Type of Toilet Facility Magnitude Proportion
  Water-sealed flush to sewerage/septic tank-own 503 71.55
  Water-sealed flush to sewerage/septic tank-shared 37 5.26
  Closed pit 46 6.54
  Open pit 48 6.83
  No toilet 66 9.39
  Others 3 0.43

Meanwhile, there are 87 households from the barangay that have no access to safe water. Most of these households can be found in Purok 2 (37 households). The source of the drinking water can be shown below:

 Source of Drinking Water Magnitude Proportion
  Own faucet water inside the household 130 18.49
  Own faucet water inside the yard 52 7.40
  Public tap/stand pipe 262 37.27
  Tube well/borehole 107 15.22
  Protected dug well 14 1.99
  Unprotected dug well 3 0.43
  Protected spring water 1 0.14
  Unprotected spring water 8 1.14
  River, stream, dam, etc. 5 0.71
  Bottled/mineral water 63 8.96
  Others 58 8.25

Basic Education

In elementary participation, 40 children (19 male and 21 female) who are aged 6-12 years old are not in elementary education. One every 13 children in this age range is not attending elementary school.

In high school participation, a total of 138 children who are aged 13-16 are not in high school. There are more males (86) than females (52) who are not attending high school. Purok 1 has the most members not in high school with 32.

Here is the overall school participation in the barangay:

Purok Number of children 6-16 years old Children 6-16 years old not attending school
Magnitude Proportion
Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female
                   
  868 456 412 60 43 17 6.91 9.43 4.13
                   
  Purok 01 154 83 71 12 8 4 7.79 9.64 5.63
  Purok 02 133 72 61 8 7 1 6.01 9.72 1.64
  Purok 03 124 71 53 5 4 1 4.03 5.63 1.89
  Purok 04 173 90 83 13 8 5 7.51 8.89 6.02
  Purok 05 108 54 54 12 9 3 11.11 16.67 5.56
  Purok 06 176 86 90 10 7 3 5.68 8.14 3.33

Of the total 2,458 who are aged 10 and above, 30 are illiterate with 14 male and 16 female as shown below:

Purok Number of persons 10 years old and above Illiterate persons 10 years old and above
Magnitude Proportion
Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female
                   
  2458 1282 1176 30 14 16 1.22 1.09 1.36
                   
  Purok 01 426 222 204 2 0 2 0.47 0.00 0.98
  Purok 02 446 246 200 1 1 0 0.22 0.41 0.00
  Purok 03 383 209 174 2 1 1 0.52 0.48 0.57
  Purok 04 431 219 212 6 2 4 1.39 0.91 1.89
  Purok 05 332 176 156 14 7 7 4.22 3.98 4.49
  Purok 06 440 210 230 5 3 2 1.14 1.43 0.87

Income and Livelihood

There are 1,058 members (778 male and 280 female) who are members of the labor force, there are 22 households have reported having members who are unemployed. There are 19 male and 6 female who are considered unemployed.

Of the 703 households, there are 7 households that have experienced food shortage. 384 households lie below the poverty threshold, roughly 54.6% of the household in the barangay. Poverty threshold or poverty line is the minimum income deemed adequate in a household. The currently used poverty threshold is: 19,069 (Rural) and 20,315 (Urban). Purok 7 has the most number of households living below the poverty threshold with 96.

256 households or 36.4% live below the food threshold; it refers to the basic food requirements which meet 100% adequacy of the RDA for energy (2000 calories) and 80% adequacy of other nutrients as recommended by the FNRI.  The currently used food threshold is: 13,319 (Rural) and 14,189 (Urban). Most of this household can be found in Purok 7 (69 households).

Here is the type of business/industry and class of worker in the barangay:

Type of business/industry  
Magnitude Proportion
Total Male Female Total Male Female
             
  Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing 445 416 29 43.08 54.81 10.58
  Mining and Quarrying 2 2 0 0.19 0.26 0.00
  Manufacturing 38 34 4 3.68 4.48 1.46
  Electricity, Gas, Steam and Air Conditioning Supply 6 4 2 0.58 0.53 0.73
  Water Supply; Sewerage, Waste Management and Remediation Activities 1 1 0 0.10 0.13 0.00
  Construction 73 72 1 7.07 9.49 0.37
  Wholesale and Retail Trade; Repair of Motor Vehicles and Motorcycles 98 27 71 9.49 3.56 25.91
  Transportation and Storage 72 71 1 6.97 9.35 0.37
  Accommodation and Food Service Activities 25 15 10 2.42 1.98 3.65
  Information and Communication 11 6 5 1.06 0.79 1.82
  Financial and Insurance Activities 1 0 1 0.10 0.00 0.37
  Real Estate Activities 1 1 0 0.10 0.13 0.00
  Professional, Scientific and Technical Activities 8 6 2 0.77 0.79 0.73
  Administrative and Support Service Activities 8 4 4 0.77 0.53 1.46
  Public Administration and Defense; Compulsory Social Security 47 39 8 4.55 5.14 2.92
  Education 20 9 11 1.94 1.19 4.01
  Human Health & Social Work Activities 20 1 19 1.94 0.13 6.93
  Arts, Entertainment and Recreation 5 4 1 0.48 0.53 0.37
  Other Service Activities 95 50 45 9.20 6.59 16.42
  Activities of Households as Employers; Undifferentiated Goods-and-Services 88 15 73 8.52 1.98 26.64
  Activities of Extra-Territorial Organizations and Bodies 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 0.00

 

Class of worker  
Magnitude Proportion
Total Male Female Total Male Female
             
  Worked for a household 233 146 87 22.56 19.24 31.75
  Worked for a private establishment 297 215 82 28.75 28.33 29.93
  Worked for government/ government corporation 78 44 34 7.55 5.80 12.41
  Self employed without employees 174 122 52 16.84 16.07 18.98
  Employer in own family-operated farm or business 24 16 8 2.32 2.11 2.92
  Worked with pay on own family operated farm or business 168 162 6 16.26 21.34 2.19
  Worked without pay on own family operated farm or business 78 67 11 7.55 8.83 4.01
  Working for government of another country 12 5 7 1.16 0.66 2.55

Peace and Order

Crime is an act or offense from a public law which makes the offender liable to punishment by the state. It can be categorized as crimes against person and against property. There is 5 person victimized by a crime in the barangay. The crimes committed are Physical Injury (4 incidences) and other crimes (1 incidence).


Service Institutions and Infrastructure

The barangay has 1 health facility which is the Barangay Health Center. The nearest Hospitals and Private Drugstores are 4 kilometers from the barangay. Mahaba Covered Court is the service facility in the barangay. Educational facilities can also be found with 2 Day Care Centers, Pre-School and Elementary School. The nearest High School and College or Vocational School is 4 kilometers from the barangay proper.

The public transportation present in the barangay is Tricycle and Motorcycle. The road is concrete (good condition) and natural/earth surface (fair condition), it is maintained by the Provincial and Barangay Government, respectively.

Compost pits is the most common garbage or waste disposal system in the community. Open dump site and sanitary landfill is 6 kilometers away from the barangay.

The source of electricity in the barangay is provided and maintained by Albay Power and Energy Corporation (APEC).


Source: CBMS 2012