BARANGAY PROFILE


Barangay Official:
Barangay Captain: Esteban M. Payapag
Councilors: Cesar P. Abetria, Jr.
  Rodolfo L. Opida
  Nieves M. Pernia
  Amalia P. Rosco
  Maria Liza M. Sadia
  Enrique A. Orbillo
  Jaimie C. Offemaria
SK Chairman: Edrian P. Ando
Secretary: Elizabeth T. Lozanez
Treasurer: Teena Magdalena Quilatan

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND

Layon was once a sitio of Barangay Batang. Engr. Manuel Coloma Sr., one of the Provincial Engineers of the local government found out that due to increasing population and distance from Batang, it was possible to make the place into a barrio. He suggested it to be a barrio and gave the name “Layon” which means continuously straight.

A fiesta is celebrated every 15th day of May in honor of their patron saint, San Isidro Labrador.


GEOGRAPHY/TOPOGRAPHY

Layon has a total land area of 110.88 hectares (ha). 80 ha is residential land and 29 ha are agricultural land. It is bounded on the East by Barangay Binanowan; on the West by Barangay Bay; on the North by Barangay Batang; and on the South by Barangay Tuburan.

It has a tropical climate. Heavy rainfall occurs during the months of June to November and the dry season is from the month of January to May.

Demography

According to the 2012 Community Based Monitoring System (CBMS) Survey, the total number of households is 680 with a population of 3,027 where 1,517 are male and 1,510 are female. It has an average household size of 4. The number of members according to their age group and sex is the following:

Age Year Sex Total
Male Female
0 to less than 5 163 163 326
5 to less than 10 203 180 383
10 to less than 15 184 152 336
15 to less than 20 165 134 299
20 to less than 25 129 126 255
25 to less than 30 126 109 235
30 to less than 35 108 140 248
35 to less than 40 100 103 203
40 to less than 45 89 91 180
45 to less than 50 66 74 140
50 to less than 55 53 57 110
55 to less than 60 45 58 103
60 to less than 65 35 46 81
65 to less than 70 23 28 51
70 to less than 75 16 20 36
75 to less than 80 6 16 22
80 to less than 85 2 9 11
85 to less than 90 2 1 3
90 to less than 95 1 2 3
95 to less than 100 1 1 2
Total 1517 1510 3027

During the survey, the number of members who are 17 years old and above is 1,856, yet the number of the registered voters is 1,731, garnering 93.27% of the actual voters in the barangay.


Health and Nutrition

There are 36 children who are classified as malnourished in the barangay, 17 of whom are male and 19 are female. The following table shows the nutritional status of children:

Nutritional Status Number of children 0-5 years old Nutrition status of children 0-5 years old
Total Male Female Total Male Female
  409 206 203      
  Above Normal       2 2 0
  Normal       372 188 184
  Below Normal (moderate)       21 9 12
  Below Normal (severe)       15 8 7
               

There are no incidences that children under 5 years old died and where a woman died due to pregnancy related-causes death.


Housing

There are 8 households in the barangay that lives in makeshift housing or an improvised housing built of waste materials which are usually from burned or condemned structures, which are being used as living quarters at the time of the census. Most of these households can be found in Purok 2 (7 households). There are 80 households who is informal settlers or where the housing units have been constructed on land that the occupants have no legal claim to, or occupy illegally. Purok 1 has the most households who are informal settlers with 62. The table below shows the tenure status in the barangay:

 Tenure Status Magnitude Proportion
  Owner, owner-like possession of house and lot 505 74.26
  Rent house/room including lot 48 7.06
  Own house, rent lot 1 0.15
  Own house, rent-free lot with consent of owner 22 3.24
  Own house, rent-free lot without consent of owner 0 0.00
  Rent-free house and lot with consent of owner 24 3.53
  Rent-free house and lot without consent of owner 1 0.15
  Living in a public space with rent 1 0.15
  Living in a public space without rent 78 11.47
  Other tenure status 1 0.15

Water and Sanitation

17 or 2.5% of households have no access to sanitary toilet facilities. Purok 1 and 3 have the most number of households with no access with 7 each. The table below shows the toilet facility in the barangay:

 Type of Toilet Facility Magnitude Proportion
  Water-sealed flush to sewerage/septic tank-own 511 75.15
  Water-sealed flush to sewerage/septic tank-shared 137 20.15
  Closed pit 16 2.35
  Open pit 4 0.59
  No toilet 13 1.91
  Others 0 0.00

Meanwhile, there are 36 households from the barangay that have no access to safe water. The purok with the most household with no access to safe water is Purok 2 (14 households). The source of the drinking water can be shown below:

 Source of Drinking Water Magnitude Proportion
  Own faucet water inside the household 528 77.65
  Own faucet water inside the yard 91 13.38
  Public tap/stand pipe 6 0.88
  Tube well or borehole 19 2.79
  Protected dug well 1 0.15
  Unprotected spring water 3 0.44
  Tanker truck/Peddler 1 0.15
  Bottled/Mineral water 0 0.00
  Others 32 4.71

Basic Education

In elementary participation, 62 children (37 male and 25 female) who are aged 6-12 years old are not in elementary education. One every 8 children in this age range is not attending elementary school.

In high school participation, a total of 82 children who are aged 13-16 are not in high school. There are more males (51) than females (31) who are not attending high school. Purok 4 has the most members not in high school with 28.

Here is the overall school participation in the barangay:

Purok Number of children 6-16 years old Children 6-16 years old not attending school
Magnitude Proportion
Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female
                   
  762 414 348 28 19 9 3.67 4.59 2.59
                   
  Purok 01 190 98 92 3 2 1 1.58 2.04 1.09
  Purok 02 157 88 69 8 6 2 5.10 6.82 2.90
  Purok 03 152 79 73 9 6 3 5.92 7.59 4.11
  Purok 04 263 149 114 8 5 3 38.87 32.76 38.00

Of the total 2,318 who are aged 10 and above, 15 are illiterate with 9 male and 6 female as shown below:

Purok Number of persons 10 years old and above Illiterate persons 10 years old and above
Magnitude Proportion
Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female
                   
  2318 1151 1167 15 9 6 0.65 0.78 0.51
                   
  Purok 01 628 318 310 3 2 1 0.48 0.63 0.32
  Purok 02 462 240 222 6 4 2 1.30 1.67 0.90
  Purok 03 398 198 200 2 1 1 0.50 0.51 0.50
  Purok 04 830 395 435 4 2 2 0.48 0.51 0.46

Income and Livelihood

There are 1,077 members (649 male and 428 female) who are members of the labor force, there are 35 households have reported having members who are unemployed. There are 30 male and 14 female who are considered unemployed.

Of the 680 households, there is 1 household that have experienced food shortage. 105 households lie below the poverty threshold, roughly 15.4% of the household in the barangay. Poverty threshold or poverty line is the minimum income deemed adequate in a household. The currently used poverty threshold is: 19,069 (Rural) and 20,315 (Urban). Purok 3 has the most number of households living below the poverty threshold with 37.

47 households or 6.9% live below the food threshold; it refers to the basic food requirements which meet 100% adequacy of the RDA for energy (2000 calories) and 80% adequacy of other nutrients as recommended by the FNRI.  The currently used food threshold is: 13,319 (Rural) and 14,189 (Urban). Most of this household can be found in Purok 3 (21 households).

Here is the type of business/industry and class of worker in the barangay:

Type of business/industry  
Magnitude Proportion
Total Male Female Total Male Female
             
  Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing 41 29 12 3.97 4.68 2.90
  Mining and Quarrying 26 26 0 2.52 4.20 0.00
  Manufacturing 35 24 11 3.39 3.88 2.66
  Electricity, Gas, Steam and Air Conditioning Supply 25 23 2 2.42 3.72 0.48
  Water Supply; Sewerage, Waste Management and Remediation Activities 16 14 2 1.55 2.26 0.48
  Construction 120 116 4 11.62 18.74 0.97
  Wholesale and Retail Trade; Repair of Motor Vehicles and Motorcycles 130 38 92 12.58 6.14 22.22
  Transportation and Storage 111 110 1 10.75 17.77 0.24
  Accommodation and Food Service Activities 28 21 7 2.71 3.39 1.69
  Information and Communication 8 5 3 0.77 0.81 0.72
  Financial and Insurance Activities 16 11 5 1.55 1.78 1.21
  Real Estate Activities 1 1 0 0.10 0.16 0.00
  Professional, Scientific and Technical Activities 51 40 11 4.94 6.46 2.66
  Administrative and Support Service Activities 90 47 43 8.71 7.59 10.39
  Public Administration and Defense; Compulsory Social Security 63 53 10 6.10 8.56 2.42
  Education 137 42 95 13.26 6.79 22.95
  Human Health & Social Work Activities 41 14 27 3.97 2.26 6.52
  Arts, Entertainment and Recreation 5 3 2 0.48 0.48 0.48
  Other Service Activities 105 56 49 10.16 9.05 11.84
  Activities of Households as Employers; Undifferentiated Goods-and-Services 81 23 58 7.84 3.72 14.01
  Activities of Extra-Territorial Organizations and Bodies 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 0.00

 

Class of worker  
Magnitude Proportion
Total Male Female Total Male Female
             
  Worked for a household 157 104 53 15.20 16.80 12.80
  Worked for a private establishment 403 288 115 39.01 46.53 27.78
  Worked for government/ government corporation 296 141 155 28.65 22.78 37.44
  Self employed without employees 212 120 92 20.52 19.39 22.22
  Employer in own family-operated farm or business 26 19 7 2.52 3.07 1.69
  Worked with pay on own family operated farm or business 29 18 11 2.81 2.91 2.66
  Worked without pay on own family operated farm or business 1 1 0 0.10 0.16 0.00
  Working for government of another country 6 5 1 0.58 0.81 0.24

Peace and Order

Crime is an act or offense from a public law which makes the offender liable to punishment by the state. It can be categorized as crimes against person and against property. There is 1 person victimized by a crime in the barangay. The crime committed was Physical Injury.


Service Institutions and Infrastructure

The barangay has 1 health facility which is the Barangay Health Center. The nearest Hospitals and Private Drugstores are 500 meters from the barangay. Layon Covered Court and Barangay Outpost are the service facilities in the barangay. Educational facilities can also be found with Day Care Center, Pre-School and Elementary School. The nearest High School and College or Vocational School is 500 meters and 2 kilometers away from the barangay proper, respectively.

The public transportation present in the barangay is Tricycle. The road is concrete and in good condition, it is maintained by the Barangay Government.

Garbage collection is the most common garbage or waste disposal system in the community. Open dump site and sanitary landfill is 3 kilometers away from the barangay.

The source of electricity in the barangay is provided and maintained by Albay Power and Energy Corporation (APEC).


Source: CBMS 2012