|Barangay Captain:||Marissa C. Quides|
|Councilors:||Norma B. Buban|
|Josephine S. Obido|
|Salvador Ll. Palcon|
|Edwin S. Ricafort|
|Florante P. Quides|
|Efren D. Mabini|
|Vicente M. Noveno|
|SK Chairman:||Baby Jean R. Quides|
|Treasurer:||Ma. Soccoro M. Rubio|
Francia is one of the original barangays of Ligao in existence during the Cadastral Survey conducted on March 4, 1932.
The barangay got its name from their patron saint, Nuestra Señora de Peñafrancia. Its annual fiesta is celebrated every 27th day of September. Nuestra Señora de Peñafrancia is also the patron saint of Bicol Region.
The very first settlers of the area were the family of Quides. They traced their roots from Ilocos Region.
Francia has a total land area of 440 hectares (ha). Its terrain is mountainous. It is bounded on the East and South by Barangay Malama; on the West by Barangay Francia; and on the North by Barangay Paulba.
It has a tropical climate. Heavy rainfall occurs during the months of June to November and the dry season is from the month of January to May.
According to the 2012 Community Based Monitoring System (CBMS) Survey, the total number of households is 193 with a population of 878 where 453 are male and 425 are female. It has an average household size of 5. The number of members according to their age group and sex is the following:
|0 to less than 5||48||44||92|
|5 to less than 10||72||51||123|
|10 to less than 15||52||71||123|
|15 to less than 20||49||53||102|
|20 to less than 25||40||32||72|
|25 to less than 30||26||22||48|
|30 to less than 35||30||27||57|
|35 to less than 40||27||23||50|
|40 to less than 45||26||22||48|
|45 to less than 50||15||23||38|
|50 to less than 55||20||5||25|
|55 to less than 60||10||7||17|
|60 to less than 65||14||18||32|
|65 to less than 70||11||11||22|
|70 to less than 75||7||7||14|
|75 to less than 80||4||2||6|
|80 to less than 85||2||3||5|
|85 to less than 90||0||4||4|
During the survey, the number of members who are 17 years old and above is 486, yet the number of the registered voters is 450, garnering 92.59% of the actual voters in the barangay.
Health and Nutrition
There are 8 children who are classified as malnourished in the barangay, 6 of whom are male and 2 are female. The following table shows the nutritional status of children:
|Nutritional Status||Number of children 0-5 years old||Nutrition status of children 0-5 years old|
|Below Normal (moderate)||8||6||2|
|Below Normal (severe)||0||0||0|
There is no incidence that children under 5 years old died and a woman who died due to pregnancy related-causes death.
There are 10 households in the barangay living in makeshift housing or an improvised housing built of waste materials which are usually from burned or condemned structures, which are being used as living quarters at the time of the census. Most of these households can be found in Purok 3 (6 households). There is 72 households who is informal settlers or where the housing units have been constructed on land that the occupants have no legal claim to, or occupy illegally. Purok 3 has the most household who are informal settlers with 23. The table below shows the tenure status in the barangay:
|Owner, owner-like possession of house and lot||91||47.15|
|Rent house/room including lot||0||0.00|
|Own house, rent lot||0||0.00|
|Own house, rent-free lot with consent of owner||19||9.84|
|Own house, rent-free lot without consent of owner||1||0.52|
|Rent-free house and lot with consent of owner||10||5.18|
|Rent-free house and lot without consent of owner||3||1.55|
|Living in a public space with rent||0||0.00|
|Living in a public space without rent||68||35.25|
|Other tenure status||0||0.00|
Water and Sanitation
29 or 15% of households have no access to sanitary toilet facilities. Purok 3 has the most number of households with no access with 15. The table below shows the toilet facility in the barangay:
|Type of Toilet Facility||Magnitude||Proportion|
|Water-sealed flush to sewerage/septic tank-own||1||0.52|
|Water-sealed flush to sewerage/septic tank-shared||0||0.00|
Meanwhile, there are no households from the barangay that have no access to safe water. The source of the drinking water can be shown below:
|Source of Drinking Water||Magnitude||Proportion|
|Own faucet water inside the household||1||0.52|
|Own faucet water inside the yard||0||0.00|
|Public tap/stand pipe||190||98.45|
|Tube well or borehole||0||0.00|
|Protected spring water||1||0.52|
In elementary participation, 14 children (12 male and 2 female) who are aged 6-12 years old are not in elementary education. One every 13 children in this age range is not attending elementary school.
In high school participation, a total of 54 children who are aged 13-16 is not in high school. There are more males (31) than females (23) who are not attending high school. Purok 1 and 7 has the most members not in high school with 14 each.
Here is the overall school participation in the barangay:
|Purok||Number of children 6-16 years old||Children 6-16 years old not attending school|
Of the total 663 who are aged 10 and above, 18 are illiterate with 7 male and 11 female as shown below:
|Purok||Number of persons 10 years old and above||Illiterate persons 10 years old and above|
Income and Livelihood
There are 226 members (191 male and 35 female) who are members of the labor force, there are no households have reported having members who are unemployed.
Of the 193 households, there are no households that have experienced food shortage. 150 households lie below the poverty threshold, roughly 77.7% of the household in the barangay. Poverty threshold or poverty line is the minimum income deemed adequate in a household. The currently used poverty threshold is: 19,069 (Rural) and 20,315 (Urban). Purok 2 and 7 has the most number of households living below the poverty threshold with 25 each.
109 households or 56.5% live below the food threshold; it refers to the basic food requirements which meet 100% adequacy of the RDA for energy (2000 calories) and 80% adequacy of other nutrients as recommended by the FNRI. The currently used food threshold is: 13,319 (Rural) and 14,189 (Urban). Most of this household can be found in Purok 1 (22 households).
Here is the type of business/industry and class of worker in the barangay:
|Type of business/industry|
|Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing||84||83||1||37.17||43.46||2.86|
|Mining and Quarrying||3||2||1||1.33||1.05||2.86|
|Electricity, Gas, Steam and Air Conditioning Supply||3||3||0||1.33||1.57||0.00|
|Water Supply; Sewerage, Waste Management and Remediation Activities||0||0||0||0.00||0.00||0.00|
|Wholesale and Retail Trade; Repair of Motor Vehicles and Motorcycles||10||2||8||4.42||1.05||22.86|
|Transportation and Storage||10||10||0||4.42||5.24||0.00|
|Accommodation and Food Service Activities||2||1||1||0.88||0.52||2.86|
|Information and Communication||1||1||0||0.44||0.52||0.00|
|Financial and Insurance Activities||0||0||0||0.00||0.00||0.00|
|Real Estate Activities||0||0||0||0.00||0.00||0.00|
|Professional, Scientific and Technical Activities||0||0||0||0.00||0.00||0.00|
|Administrative and Support Service Activities||1||1||0||0.44||0.52||0.00|
|Public Administration and Defense; Compulsory Social Security||21||15||6||9.29||7.85||17.14|
|Human Health & Social Work Activities||3||0||3||1.33||0.00||8.57|
|Arts, Entertainment and Recreation||0||0||0||0.00||0.00||0.00|
|Other Service Activities||15||13||2||6.64||6.81||5.71|
|Activities of Households as Employers; Undifferentiated Goods-and-Services||11||0||11||4.87||0.00||31.43|
|Activities of Extra-Territorial Organizations and Bodies||1||1||0||0.44||0.52||0.00|
|Class of worker|
|Worked for a household||83||76||7||36.73||39.79||20.00|
|Worked for a private establishment||67||53||14||29.65||27.75||40.00|
|Worked for government/ government corporation||44||31||13||19.47||16.23||37.14|
|Self employed without employees||8||8||0||3.54||4.19||0.00|
|Employer in own family-operated farm or business||2||1||1||0.88||0.52||2.86|
|Worked with pay on own family operated farm or business||6||6||0||2.65||3.14||0.00|
|Worked without pay on own family operated farm or business||14||14||0||6.19||7.33||0.00|
|Working for government of another country||5||4||1||2.21||2.09||2.86|
Peace and Order
Crime is an act or offense from a public law which makes the offender liable to punishment by the state. It can be categorized as crimes against person and against property. There is no person victimized by a crime in the barangay.
Service Institutions and Infrastructure
The barangay has 1 health facility which is the Barangay Health Center. The nearest hospital and drugstores is 19.5 kilometers and 1.5 kilometers away from the barangay hall, respectively. Francia Covered Court and Barangay Outpost are the service facilities in the barangay. Educational facility can also be found with Day Care Center, Pre-School and Elementary School. The nearest High School is 1.5 kilometers while College or Vocational School is 19.5 kilometers from the barangay.
The public transportation present in the barangay is Jeepney and Motorcycle. The road is concrete (good condition) and natural/earth surface (fair condition), it is maintained by the Barangay and City Government.
Compost pits is the most common garbage or waste disposal system in the community. Open dump site and sanitary landfill is 1 kilometer and 21.5 kilometers away from the barangay, respectively.
The source of electricity in the barangay is provided and maintained by Albay Power and Energy Corporation (APEC) thru the Barangay Power Association (BAPA).
Source: CBMS 2012