BARANGAY PROFILE


Barangay Official:
Barangay Captain: Marissa C. Quides
Councilors: Norma B. Buban
  Josephine S. Obido
  Salvador Ll. Palcon
  Edwin S. Ricafort
  Florante P. Quides
  Efren D. Mabini
  Vicente M. Noveno
SK Chairman: Baby Jean R. Quides
Secretary: Rosemarie Gillego
Treasurer: Ma. Soccoro M. Rubio

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND

Francia is one of the original barangays of Ligao in existence during the Cadastral Survey conducted on March 4, 1932.

The barangay got its name from their patron saint, Nuestra Señora de Peñafrancia. Its annual fiesta is celebrated every 27th day of September. Nuestra Señora de Peñafrancia is also the patron saint of Bicol Region.

The very first settlers of the area were the family of Quides. They traced their roots from Ilocos Region.


GEOGRAPHY/TOPOGRAPHY

Francia has a total land area of 440 hectares (ha). Its terrain is mountainous. It is bounded on the East and South by Barangay Malama; on the West by Barangay Francia; and on the North by Barangay Paulba.

It has a tropical climate. Heavy rainfall occurs during the months of June to November and the dry season is from the month of January to May.


Demography

According to the 2012 Community Based Monitoring System (CBMS) Survey, the total number of households is 193 with a population of 878 where 453 are male and 425 are female. It has an average household size of 5. The number of members according to their age group and sex is the following:

Age Year Sex Total
Male Female
0 to less than 5 48 44 92
5 to less than 10 72 51 123
10 to less than 15 52 71 123
15 to less than 20 49 53 102
20 to less than 25 40 32 72
25 to less than 30 26 22 48
30 to less than 35 30 27 57
35 to less than 40 27 23 50
40 to less than 45 26 22 48
45 to less than 50 15 23 38
50 to less than 55 20 5 25
55 to less than 60 10 7 17
60 to less than 65 14 18 32
65 to less than 70 11 11 22
70 to less than 75 7 7 14
75 to less than 80 4 2 6
80 to less than 85 2 3 5
85 to less than 90 0 4 4
Total 453 425 878

During the survey, the number of members who are 17 years old and above is 486, yet the number of the registered voters is 450, garnering 92.59% of the actual voters in the barangay.


 Health and Nutrition

There are 8 children who are classified as malnourished in the barangay, 6 of whom are male and 2 are female. The following table shows the nutritional status of children:

Nutritional Status Number of children 0-5 years old Nutrition status of children 0-5 years old
Total Male Female Total Male Female
  109 57 52      
  Above Normal       1 1 0
  Normal       93 45 48
  Below Normal (moderate)       8 6 2
  Below Normal (severe)       0 0 0
               

There is no incidence that children under 5 years old died and a woman who died due to pregnancy related-causes death.


Housing

There are 10 households in the barangay living in makeshift housing or an improvised housing built of waste materials which are usually from burned or condemned structures, which are being used as living quarters at the time of the census. Most of these households can be found in Purok 3 (6 households). There is 72 households who is informal settlers or where the housing units have been constructed on land that the occupants have no legal claim to, or occupy illegally. Purok 3 has the most household who are informal settlers with 23. The table below shows the tenure status in the barangay:

 Tenure Status Magnitude Proportion
  Owner, owner-like possession of house and lot 91 47.15
  Rent house/room including lot 0 0.00
  Own house, rent lot 0 0.00
  Own house, rent-free lot with consent of owner 19 9.84
  Own house, rent-free lot without consent of owner 1 0.52
  Rent-free house and lot with consent of owner 10 5.18
  Rent-free house and lot without consent of owner 3 1.55
  Living in a public space with rent 0 0.00
  Living in a public space without rent 68 35.25
  Other tenure status 0 0.00

Water and Sanitation

29 or 15% of households have no access to sanitary toilet facilities. Purok 3 has the most number of households with no access with 15. The table below shows the toilet facility in the barangay:

 Type of Toilet Facility Magnitude Proportion
  Water-sealed flush to sewerage/septic tank-own 1 0.52
  Water-sealed flush to sewerage/septic tank-shared 0 0.00
  Closed pit 162 83.94
  Open pit 26 13.47
  No toilet 3 1.55
  Others 0 0.00

Meanwhile, there are no households from the barangay that have no access to safe water. The source of the drinking water can be shown below:

 Source of Drinking Water Magnitude Proportion
  Own faucet water inside the household 1 0.52
  Own faucet water inside the yard 0 0.00
  Public tap/stand pipe 190 98.45
  Tube well or borehole 0 0.00
  Protected spring water 1 0.52
  Bottled/Mineral water 0 0.00
  Others 0 0.00

Basic Education

In elementary participation, 14 children (12 male and 2 female) who are aged 6-12 years old are not in elementary education. One every 13 children in this age range is not attending elementary school.

In high school participation, a total of 54 children who are aged 13-16 is not in high school. There are more males (31) than females (23) who are not attending high school. Purok 1 and 7 has the most members not in high school with 14 each.

Here is the overall school participation in the barangay:

Purok Number of children 6-16 years old Children 6-16 years old not attending school
Magnitude Proportion
Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female
                   
  282 139 143 22 14 8 7.80 10.07 5.59
                   
  Purok 01 48 24 24 6 4 2 12.50 16.67 8.33
  Purok 02 40 15 25 1 1 0 2.50 6.67 0.00
  Purok 03 47 21 26 4 3 1 8.51 14.29 3.85
  Purok 04 41 22 19 3 1 2 7.32 4.55 10.53
  Purok 05 38 19 19 1 0 1 2.63 0.00 5.26
  Purok 06 23 14 9 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Purok 07 45 24 21 7 5 2 15.56 20.83 9.52

Of the total 663 who are aged 10 and above, 18 are illiterate with 7 male and 11 female as shown below:

Purok Number of persons 10 years old and above Illiterate persons 10 years old and above
Magnitude Proportion
Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female
                   
  663 333 330 18 7 11 2.71 2.10 3.33
                   
  Purok 01 118 64 54 1 0 1 0.85 0.00 1.85
  Purok 02 88 44 44 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Purok 03 97 40 57 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Purok 04 87 44 43 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Purok 05 98 44 54 6 1 5 6.12 2.27 9.26
  Purok 06 68 36 32 9 5 4 13.24 13.89 12.50
  Purok 07 107 61 46 2 1 1 1.87 1.64 2.17

Income and Livelihood

There are 226 members (191 male and 35 female) who are members of the labor force, there are no households have reported having members who are unemployed.

Of the 193 households, there are no households that have experienced food shortage. 150 households lie below the poverty threshold, roughly 77.7% of the household in the barangay. Poverty threshold or poverty line is the minimum income deemed adequate in a household. The currently used poverty threshold is: 19,069 (Rural) and 20,315 (Urban). Purok 2 and 7 has the most number of households living below the poverty threshold with 25 each.

109 households or 56.5% live below the food threshold; it refers to the basic food requirements which meet 100% adequacy of the RDA for energy (2000 calories) and 80% adequacy of other nutrients as recommended by the FNRI.  The currently used food threshold is: 13,319 (Rural) and 14,189 (Urban). Most of this household can be found in Purok 1 (22 households).

Here is the type of business/industry and class of worker in the barangay:

Type of business/industry  
Magnitude Proportion
Total Male Female Total Male Female
             
  Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing 84 83 1 37.17 43.46 2.86
  Mining and Quarrying 3 2 1 1.33 1.05 2.86
  Manufacturing 1 1 0 0.44 0.52 0.00
  Electricity, Gas, Steam and Air Conditioning Supply 3 3 0 1.33 1.57 0.00
  Water Supply; Sewerage, Waste Management and Remediation Activities 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Construction 61 59 2 26.99 30.89 5.71
  Wholesale and Retail Trade; Repair of Motor Vehicles and Motorcycles 10 2 8 4.42 1.05 22.86
  Transportation and Storage 10 10 0 4.42 5.24 0.00
  Accommodation and Food Service Activities 2 1 1 0.88 0.52 2.86
  Information and Communication 1 1 0 0.44 0.52 0.00
  Financial and Insurance Activities 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Real Estate Activities 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Professional, Scientific and Technical Activities 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Administrative and Support Service Activities 1 1 0 0.44 0.52 0.00
  Public Administration and Defense; Compulsory Social Security 21 15 6 9.29 7.85 17.14
  Education 2 1 1 0.88 0.52 2.86
  Human Health & Social Work Activities 3 0 3 1.33 0.00 8.57
  Arts, Entertainment and Recreation 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Other Service Activities 15 13 2 6.64 6.81 5.71
  Activities of Households as Employers; Undifferentiated Goods-and-Services 11 0 11 4.87 0.00 31.43
  Activities of Extra-Territorial Organizations and Bodies 1 1 0 0.44 0.52 0.00
Class of worker  
Magnitude Proportion
Total Male Female Total Male Female
             
  Worked for a household 83 76 7 36.73 39.79 20.00
  Worked for a private establishment 67 53 14 29.65 27.75 40.00
  Worked for government/ government corporation 44 31 13 19.47 16.23 37.14
  Self employed without employees 8 8 0 3.54 4.19 0.00
  Employer in own family-operated farm or business 2 1 1 0.88 0.52 2.86
  Worked with pay on own family operated farm or business 6 6 0 2.65 3.14 0.00
  Worked without pay on own family operated farm or business 14 14 0 6.19 7.33 0.00
  Working for government of another country 5 4 1 2.21 2.09 2.86

Peace and Order

Crime is an act or offense from a public law which makes the offender liable to punishment by the state. It can be categorized as crimes against person and against property. There is no person victimized by a crime in the barangay.


Service Institutions and Infrastructure

The barangay has 1 health facility which is the Barangay Health Center. The nearest hospital and drugstores is 19.5 kilometers and 1.5 kilometers away from the barangay hall, respectively. Francia Covered Court and Barangay Outpost are the service facilities in the barangay. Educational facility can also be found with Day Care Center, Pre-School and Elementary School. The nearest High School is 1.5 kilometers while College or Vocational School is 19.5 kilometers from the barangay.

The public transportation present in the barangay is Jeepney and Motorcycle. The road is concrete (good condition) and natural/earth surface (fair condition), it is maintained by the Barangay and City Government.

Compost pits is the most common garbage or waste disposal system in the community. Open dump site and sanitary landfill is 1 kilometer and 21.5 kilometers away from the barangay, respectively.

The source of electricity in the barangay is provided and maintained by Albay Power and Energy Corporation (APEC) thru the Barangay Power Association (BAPA).


Source: CBMS 2012