BARANGAY PROFILE


Barangay Official:
Barangay Captain: Zenaida J. Liza
Councilors: Allan C. Copian
  Ambrosio C. Tuñacao, Jr.
  Jose R. Concepcion, Jr.
  Ruchelle C. Legaspi
  Zaldy G. Cañares
  Virgilio R. Raborar
  Oliver C. Raborar
SK Chairman: Ganiez C. Balingasa
Secretary: Alexander C. Alapad
Treasurer: Eddie B. Sedeño

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND

Cabarian is one of the coastal barangays of Ligao City. It is formerly a part of the Municipality of Pioduran. It was during the term of the late Mayor Pio Duran of the Municipality of Guinobatan in 1956 that the barangay was ceded to Ligao.

According to legend, a lady from the area was trying to elope with her lover when she suffered a fracture or “nabarian (nalupuan)” in the dialect. “Nabarian” was later changed to “Cabarian”, and the term stuck.

The early settlers of the area were people from Sibuyan Island composed of three families, followed by five families from Masbate.

A fiesta is celebrated every 3rd Sunday of May in honor of their patron saint, San Isidro Labrador.


GEOGRAPHY/TOPOGRAPHY

Cabarian has a total land area of 1,032 hectares (ha). The terrain of the area is rolling to mountainous. Being a coastal barangay, fishing is a major source of income. It is bounded on the East by Barangay Maonon; on the West by Barangay Catburawan; on the North by the Municipality of Oas; and on the South by Panganiran Bay.

It has a tropical climate. Heavy rainfall occurs during the months of June to November and the dry season is from the month of January to May.


Demography

According to the 2012 Community Based Monitoring System (CBMS) Survey, the total number of households is 549 with a population of 2,572 where 1,318 are male and 1,254 are female. It has an average household size of 5. The number of members according to their age group and sex is the following:

Age Year Sex Total
Male Female
0 to less than 5 167 141 308
5 to less than 10 156 167 323
10 to less than 15 177 140 317
15 to less than 20 153 141 294
20 to less than 25 119 103 222
25 to less than 30 79 91 170
30 to less than 35 87 74 161
35 to less than 40 60 64 124
40 to less than 45 75 77 152
45 to less than 50 67 55 122
50 to less than 55 53 45 98
55 to less than 60 44 57 101
60 to less than 65 30 35 65
65 to less than 70 21 23 44
70 to less than 75 13 21 34
75 to less than 80 11 13 24
80 to less than 85 5 5 10
85 to less than 90 0 1 1
90 to less than 95 1 1 2
Total 1318 1254 2572

During the survey, the number of members who are 17 years old and above is 1,517, yet the number of the registered voters is 1,099, garnering 72.45% of the actual voters in the barangay.


Health and Nutrition

There are 25 children who are classified as malnourished in the barangay, 15 of whom are male and 10 are female. The following table shows the nutritional status of children:

Nutritional Status Number of children 0-5 years old Nutrition status of children 0-5 years old
Total Male Female Total Male Female
  381 209 172      
  Above Normal       1 1 0
  Normal       325 172 153
  Below Normal (moderate)       12 6 6
  Below Normal (severe)       13 9 4

There is no incidence that children under 5 years old died and woman who died due to pregnancy related-causes death.


Housing

There are 55 households in the barangay that lives in makeshift housing or an improvised housing built of waste materials which are usually from burned or condemned structures, which are being used as living quarters at the time of the census. Purok 5 has the most households living in makeshift housing with 12. There are no households who are informal settlers or where the housing units have been constructed on land that the occupants have no legal claim to, or occupy illegally. The table below shows the tenure status in the barangay:

 Tenure Status Magnitude Proportion
  Owner, owner-like possession of house and lot 143 26.05
  Rent house/room including lot 1 0.18
  Own house, rent lot 2 0.36
  Own house, rent-free lot with consent of owner 400 72.86
  Own house, rent-free lot without consent of owner 0 0.00
  Rent-free house and lot with consent of owner 3 0.55
  Living in a public space without rent 0 0.00
  Other tenure status 0 0.00

Water and Sanitation

264 or 48.1% of households have no access to sanitary toilet facilities. Purok 3 has the most number of households with no access with 86. The table below shows the toilet facility in the barangay:

 Type of Toilet Facility Magnitude Proportion
  Water-sealed flush to sewerage/septic tank-own 265 48.27
  Water-sealed flush to sewerage/septic tank-shared 17 3.10
  Closed pit 3 0.55
  Open pit 4 0.73
  No toilet 260 47.36

Meanwhile, there is no household from the barangay that have no access to safe water. The source of the drinking water can be shown below:

 Source of Drinking Water Magnitude Proportion
  Own faucet water inside the household 10 1.82
  Own faucet water inside the yard 104 18.94
  Public tap/stand pipe 345 62.84
  Tube well or bore hole 80 14.57
  Protected dug well 4 0.73
  Semi-protected dug well 1 0.18
  Unprotected dug well 0 0.00
  Protected spring water 5 0.91
  Unprotected spring water 0 0.00
  Bottled/Mineral water 0 0.00
  Others 0 0.00
 

Basic Education

In elementary participation, 47 children (27 male and 20 female) who are aged 6-12 years old are not in elementary education. One every 9 children in this age range is not attending elementary school.

In high school participation, a total of 101 children who are aged 13-16 are not in high school. There are more males (56) than females (45) who are not attending high school. Purok 3 has the most members not in high school with 32.

Here is the overall school participation in the barangay:

Purok Number of children 6-16 years old Children 6-16 years old not attending school
Magnitude Proportion
Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female
                   
  674 348 326 57 34 23 8.46 9.77 7.06
                   
  Purok 01 98 52 46 4 2 2 4.08 3.85 4.35
  Purok 02 104 57 47 2 2 0 1.92 3.51 0.00
  Purok 03 167 92 75 13 11 2 7.78 11.96 2.67
  Purok 04 96 53 43 8 6 2 8.33 11.32 4.65
  Purok 05 74 39 35 6 6 0 8.11 15.38 0.00
  Purok 06 89 34 55 22 6 16 24.72 17.65 29.09
  Purok 07 46 21 25 2 1 1 4.35 4.76 4.00

Of the total 1,941 who are aged 10 and above, 52 are illiterate with 29 male and 23 female as shown below:

Purok Number of persons 10 years old and above Illiterate persons 10 years old and above
Magnitude Proportion
Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female
                   
  1941 995 946 52 29 23 2.68 2.91 2.43
                   
  Purok 01 235 125 110 6 4 2 2.55 3.20 1.82
  Purok 02 342 170 172 2 1 1 0.58 0.59 0.58
  Purok 03 483 255 228 14 9 5 2.90 3.53 2.19
  Purok 04 281 137 144 2 1 1 0.71 0.73 0.69
  Purok 05 202 111 91 8 5 3 3.96 4.50 3.30
  Purok 06 250 123 127 18 8 10 7.20 6.50 7.87
  Purok 07 148 74 74 2 1 1 1.35 1.35 1.35

Income and Livelihood

There are 862 members (614 male and 248 female) who are members of the labor force, there are 41 households have reported having members who are unemployed. There are 34 male and 22 female who are considered unemployed.

Of the 549 households, there are 3 households that have experienced food shortage. 350 households lie below the poverty threshold, roughly 63.8% of the household in the barangay. Poverty threshold or poverty line is the minimum income deemed adequate in a household. The currently used poverty threshold is: 19,069 (Rural) and 20,315 (Urban). Purok 3 has the most number of households living below the poverty threshold with 90.

244 households or 44.4% live below the food threshold; it refers to the basic food requirements which meet 100% adequacy of the RDA for energy (2000 calories) and 80% adequacy of other nutrients as recommended by the FNRI.  The currently used food threshold is: 13,319 (Rural) and 14,189 (Urban). Most of this household can be found in Purok 3 (62 households).

Here is the type of business/industry and class of worker in the barangay:

Type of business/industry  
Magnitude Proportion
Total Male Female Total Male Female
             
  Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing 408 388 20 50.62 66.90 8.85
  Mining and Quarrying 4 4 0 0.50 0.69 0.00
  Manufacturing 32 24 8 3.97 4.14 3.54
  Electricity, Gas, Steam and Air Conditioning Supply 5 4 1 0.62 0.69 0.44
  Water Supply; Sewerage, Waste Management and Remediation Activities 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Construction 49 49 0 6.08 8.45 0.00
  Wholesale and Retail Trade; Repair of Motor Vehicles and Motorcycles 83 31 52 10.30 5.34 23.01
  Transportation and Storage 18 18 0 2.23 3.10 0.00
  Accommodation and Food Service Activities 23 9 14 2.85 1.55 6.19
  Information and Communication 1 0 1 0.12 0.00 0.44
  Financial and Insurance Activities 4 2 2 0.50 0.34 0.88
  Real Estate Activities 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Professional, Scientific and Technical Activities 5 1 4 0.62 0.17 1.77
  Administrative and Support Service Activities 1 1 0 0.12 0.17 0.00
  Public Administration and Defense; Compulsory Social Security 32 24 8 3.97 4.14 3.54
  Education 23 5 18 2.85 0.86 7.96
  Human Health & Social Work Activities 7 1 6 0.87 0.17 2.65
  Arts, Entertainment and Recreation 4 3 1 0.50 0.52 0.44
  Other Service Activities 11 6 5 1.36 1.03 2.21
  Activities of Households as Employers; Undifferentiated Goods-and-Services 107 15 92 13.28 2.59 40.71
  Activities of Extra-Territorial Organizations and Bodies 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
Class of worker  
Magnitude Proportion
Total Male Female Total Male Female
             
  Worked for a household 192 127 65 23.82 21.90 28.76
  Worked for a private establishment 244 159 85 30.27 27.41 37.61
  Worked for government/ government corporation 69 37 32 8.56 6.38 14.16
  Self employed without employees 229 195 34 28.41 33.62 15.04
  Employer in own family-operated farm or business 5 2 3 0.62 0.34 1.33
  Worked with pay on own family operated farm or business 17 14 3 2.11 2.41 1.33
  Worked without pay on own family operated farm or business 59 50 9 7.32 8.62 3.98
  Working for government of another country 2 1 1 0.25 0.17 0.44

Peace and Order

Crime is an act or offense from a public law which makes the offender liable to punishment by the state. It can be categorized as crimes against person and against property. There is 1 person victimized by a crime in the barangay. The crime committed is Murder/Homicide. It is committed in Purok 2.


Service Institutions and Infrastructure

The barangay has 1 health facility which is the Barangay Health Center. The nearest hospital and drugstore could be found 18 kilometers away from the Barangay Hall. Cabarian Covered Court is the service facility in the barangay. Educational facility can also be found with two Day Care Center, Pre-School, Elementary School and High School. The nearest College or Vocational School can be located 18 kilometers away from the barangay proper.

The public transportation present in the barangay is Jeepney and Motorcycle. The road is concrete and natural/earth surface and in poor condition, it is maintained by the Barangay Government.

Compost pits and burning are the most common garbage or waste disposal system in the community. Open dump site and sanitary landfill is 14 kilometers away from the barangay.

The source of electricity in the barangay is provided and maintained by Albay Power and Energy Corporation (APEC) thru the Barangay Power Association (BAPA).


Source: CBMS 2012