BARANGAY PROFILE


Barangay Official:
Barangay Captain: Victorio B. Palencia
Councilors: Norman O. Quilingan
  Olivia P. Quiped
  Eduardo O. Caponga
  Joel O. Quilingan
  Rebecca P. Matuciño
  Arlene B. Caponga
  Roberto B. Palencia, Sr.
SK Chairman: Dominic D. Ocbian
Secretary: Beda I. Asanza
Treasurer: Lenelyn Quiped

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND

The place name was derived from a big tree bearing black berries locally called “baligang”. Baligang trees are said to be abundant in the place and was named after it.

The families of Quilingans, Capongas, and Bobis were said to be the early residents of the barangay.

A fiesta is celebrated every 24th day of September in honor of their patron saint, Nuestra Señora de la Merced.


GEOGRAPHY/TOPOGRAPHY

Baligang has a total land area of 874.06 hectares (ha) where 10 ha is residential land, 50 ha is agricultural land and 160 ha is crop land. It is located at the foot of Mt. Mayon. It is bounded on the East by Tabaco City; on the West by Barangay Tambo; on the North by Barangay Amtic; and on the South by the Municipality of Guinobatan.

Its climate is mostly wet and cold due to mountainous area.


Demography

According to the 2012 Community Based Monitoring System (CBMS) Survey, the total number of households is 275 with a population of 1,141 where 739 are male and 702 are female. It has an average household size of 5. The number of members according to their age group and sex is the following:

Age Year Sex Total
Male Female
0 to less than 5 85 62 147
5 to less than 10 92 73 165
10 to less than 15 95 107 202
15 to less than 20 94 100 194
20 to less than 25 73 74 147
25 to less than 30 53 38 91
30 to less than 35 44 30 74
35 to less than 40 35 33 68
40 to less than 45 35 39 74
45 to less than 50 36 35 71
50 to less than 55 25 29 54
55 to less than 60 30 26 56
60 to less than 65 13 24 37
65 to less than 70 14 13 27
70 to less than 75 12 6 18
75 to less than 80 0 6 6
80 to less than 85 2 3 5
85 to less than 90 0 2 2
90 to less than 95 1 1 2
95 to less than 100 0 1 1
Total 739 702 1441

During the survey, the number of members who are 17 years old and above is 849, yet the number of the registered voters is only 614, garnering 72.32% of the actual voters in the barangay.


Health and Nutrition

There are 9 children who are classified as malnourished in the barangay, 5 of whom are male and 4 are female. The following table shows the nutritional status of children:

Nutritional Status Number of children 0-5 years old Nutrition status of children 0-5 years old
Total Male Female Total Male Female
  173 96 77      
  Above Normal       0 0 0
  Normal       162 90 72
  Below Normal (moderate)       7 4 3
  Below Normal (severe)       2 1 1

There is no incidence that children under 5 years old died and of women who died due to pregnancy related-causes death.


Housing

There is 1 or 0.4% household in the barangay that lives in makeshift housing or an improvised housing built of waste materials which are usually from burned or condemned structures, which are being used as living quarters at the time of the census. It can be found in purok 6. 5 (1.8%) households are informal settlers or where the housing units have been constructed on land that the occupants have no legal claim to, or occupy illegally. Most informal settlements are found in Purok 1 (4 households). The table below shows the tenure status in the barangay:

Tenure Status Magnitude Proportion
  Owner, owner-like possession of house and lot 226 88.18
  Rent house/room including lot 3 1.09
  Own house, rent lot 1 0.36
  Own house, rent-free lot with consent of owner 39 14.18
  Own house, rent-free lot without consent of owner 3 1.09
  Rent-free house and lot with consent of owner 1 0.36
  Living in public space without rent 2 0.73

Water and Sanitation

58 or 21.1% of households have no access to sanitary toilet facilities. Purok 3 and 5 has the most number of households with no access with 13 and 11 respectively. The table below shows the toilet facility in the barangay:

Type of Toilet Facility Magnitude Proportion
  Water-sealed flush to sewerage/septic tank-own 178 64.73
  Water-sealed flush to sewerage/septic tank-shared 11 4.00
  Closed pit 28 10.18
  Open pit 38 13.82
  No toilet 20 7.27

Meanwhile, only 2 households from the barangay have no access to safe water. The source of the drinking water can be shown below:

 Source of Drinking Water Magnitude Proportion
  Own faucet water inside the household 167 60.73
  Own faucet water inside the yard 85 30.91
  Public tap/stand pipe 0 0.00
  Tube well or borehole 1 0.36
  Protected dug well 1 0.36
  Semi-protected dug well 0 0.00
  Unprotected dug well 2 0.73
  Protected spring water 18 6.55
  Rain water 1 0.36
  Bottled/Mineral water 0 0.00
  Others 0 0.00

Basic Education

In elementary participation, 28 children (13 male and 15 female) who are aged 6-12 years old are not in elementary education. One every 9 children in this age range is not attending elementary school.

In high school participation, a total of 75 children who are aged 13-16 are not in high school. There are more males (46) than females (29) who are not attending high school. Purok 6 has the most members not in high school with 16.

Here is the overall school participation in the barangay:

Purok Number of children 6-16 years old Children 6-16 years old not attending school
Magnitude Proportion
Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female
                   
  419 217 202 48 33 15 11.46 15.21 7.43
                   
  Purok 01 88 43 45 6 4 2 6.82 9.30 4.44
  Purok 02 66 31 35 7 4 3 10.61 12.90 8.57
  Purok 03 52 28 24 6 5 1 11.54 17.86 4.17
  Purok 04 44 23 21 3 2 1 6.82 8.70 4.76
  Purok 05 65 37 28 7 4 3 10.77 10.81 10.71
  Purok 06 54 28 26 12 9 3 22.22 32.14 11.54
  Purok 07 50 27 23 7 5 2 14.00 18.52 8.70

Of the total 1,129 who are aged 10 and above, 28 are illiterate with 18 male and 10 female as shown below:

Purok Number of persons 10 years old and above Illiterate persons 10 years old and above
Magnitude Proportion
Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female
                   
  1129 562 567 28 18 10 2.48 3.20 1.76
                   
  Purok 01 196 98 98 3 1 2 1.53 1.02 2.04
  Purok 02 185 83 102 6 4 2 3.24 4.82 1.96
  Purok 03 134 68 66 5 3 2 3.73 4.41 3.03
  Purok 04 138 66 72 4 4 0 2.90 6.06 0.00
  Purok 05 190 98 92 2 0 2 1.05 0.00 2.17
  Purok 06 154 80 74 1 1 0 0.65 1.25 0.00
  Purok 07 132 69 63 7 5 2 5.30 7.25 3.17

Income and Livelihood

There are 450 members (336 male and 114 female) who are members of the labor force, there are 6 households have reported having members who are unemployed. There are 3 male and 3 female who are considered unemployed.

Of the 275 households, there are no households that have experienced food shortage. 177 households lie below the poverty threshold, roughly 64.4% of the household in the barangay. Poverty threshold or poverty line is the minimum income deemed adequate in a household. The currently used poverty threshold is: 19,069 (Rural) and 20,315 (Urban). Purok 2 has the most number of households living below the poverty threshold with 32.

116 households or 42.2% live below the food threshold; it refers to the basic food requirements which meet 100% adequacy of the RDA for energy (2000 calories) and 80% adequacy of other nutrients as recommended by the FNRI.  The currently used food threshold is: 13,319 (Rural) and 14,189 (Urban). Most of this household can be found in Purok 2 (26 households).

Here is the type of business/industry and class of worker in the barangay:

Type of business/industry  Magnitude Proportion
Total Male Female Total Male Female
             
  Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing 224 218 6 50.45 65.47 5.41
  Mining and Quarrying 3 2 1 0.68 0.60 0.90
  Manufacturing 9 7 2 2.03 2.10 1.80
  Electricity, Gas, Steam and Air Conditioning Supply 5 5 0 1.13 1.50 0.00
  Water Supply; Sewerage, Waste Management and Remediation Activities 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Construction 19 19 0 4.28 5.71 0.00
  Wholesale and Retail Trade; Repair of Motor Vehicles and Motorcycles 54 14 38 11.71 4.20 34.23
  Transportation and Storage 18 18 0 4.05 5.41 0.00
  Accommodation and Food Service Activities 4 3 1 0.90 0.90 0.90
  Information and Communication 1 1 0 0.23 0.30 0.00
  Financial and Insurance Activities 1 1 0 0.23 0.30 0.00
  Real Estate Activities 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Professional, Scientific and Technical Activities 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Administrative and Support Service Activities 2 1 1 0.45 0.30 0.90
  Public Administration and Defense; Compulsory Social Security 11 7 4 2.48 2.10 3.60
  Education 3 0 3 0.68 0.00 2.70
  Human Health & Social Work Activities 5 1 4 1.13 0.30 3.60
  Arts, Entertainment and Recreation 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Other Service Activities 27 19 8 6.08 5.71 7.21
  Activities of Households as Employers; Undifferentiated Goods-and-Services 60 16 44 13.51 4.80 39.64
  Activities of Extra-Territorial Organizations and Bodies 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 0.00

 

Class of worker  Magnitude Proportion
Total Male Female Total Male Female
             
  Worked for a household 59 20 39 13.29 6.01 35.14
  Worked for a private establishment 92 60 32 20.72 18.02 28.83
  Worked for government/ government corporation 22 11 11 4.95 3.30 9.91
  Self employed without employees 55 33 22 12.39 9.91 19.82
  Employer in own family-operated farm or business 10 8 2 2.25 2.40 1.80
  Worked with pay on own family operated farm or business 36 34 2 8.11 10.21 1.80
  Worked without pay on own family operated farm or business 171 166 5 38.51 49.85 4.50
  Working for government of another country 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 0.00

Peace and Order

Crime is an act or offense from a public law which makes the offender liable to punishment by the state. It can be categorized as crimes against person and against property. There is 1 person victimized by a crime in the barangay. The crime committed in the barangay is Physical Injury.


Service Institutions and Infrastructure

The barangay has 1 health facility which is the Barangay Health Center. The nearest hospital and drugstore could be found 25 kilometers and 15 from the Barangay Hall, respectively. Baligang Covered Court and Barangay Outpost are the 2 service facilities in the barangay. Educational facilities can also be found with Day Care Center, Pre-school and Elementary School. The nearest high school and college or vocational school can be located 2 kilometers and 25 kilometers away from the barangay proper, respectively.

The public transportation present in the barangay is Jeepney and Tricycle. The road is concrete and in good condition, it is maintained by the City and Barangay Government.

Compost pits and burning are the most common garbage or waste disposal system in the community. Open dump site and sanitary landfill is 25 kilometers away from the barangay.

The source of electricity in the barangay is provided and maintained by Albay Power and Energy Corporation (APEC) thru the Barangay Power Association (BAPA).


Source: CBMS 2012