|Barangay Captain:||Victorio B. Palencia|
|Councilors:||Norman O. Quilingan|
|Olivia P. Quiped|
|Eduardo O. Caponga|
|Joel O. Quilingan|
|Rebecca P. Matuciño|
|Arlene B. Caponga|
|Roberto B. Palencia, Sr.|
|SK Chairman:||Dominic D. Ocbian|
|Secretary:||Beda I. Asanza|
The place name was derived from a big tree bearing black berries locally called “baligang”. Baligang trees are said to be abundant in the place and was named after it.
The families of Quilingans, Capongas, and Bobis were said to be the early residents of the barangay.
A fiesta is celebrated every 24th day of September in honor of their patron saint, Nuestra Señora de la Merced.
Baligang has a total land area of 874.06 hectares (ha) where 10 ha is residential land, 50 ha is agricultural land and 160 ha is crop land. It is located at the foot of Mt. Mayon. It is bounded on the East by Tabaco City; on the West by Barangay Tambo; on the North by Barangay Amtic; and on the South by the Municipality of Guinobatan.
Its climate is mostly wet and cold due to mountainous area.
According to the 2012 Community Based Monitoring System (CBMS) Survey, the total number of households is 275 with a population of 1,141 where 739 are male and 702 are female. It has an average household size of 5. The number of members according to their age group and sex is the following:
|0 to less than 5||85||62||147|
|5 to less than 10||92||73||165|
|10 to less than 15||95||107||202|
|15 to less than 20||94||100||194|
|20 to less than 25||73||74||147|
|25 to less than 30||53||38||91|
|30 to less than 35||44||30||74|
|35 to less than 40||35||33||68|
|40 to less than 45||35||39||74|
|45 to less than 50||36||35||71|
|50 to less than 55||25||29||54|
|55 to less than 60||30||26||56|
|60 to less than 65||13||24||37|
|65 to less than 70||14||13||27|
|70 to less than 75||12||6||18|
|75 to less than 80||0||6||6|
|80 to less than 85||2||3||5|
|85 to less than 90||0||2||2|
|90 to less than 95||1||1||2|
|95 to less than 100||0||1||1|
During the survey, the number of members who are 17 years old and above is 849, yet the number of the registered voters is only 614, garnering 72.32% of the actual voters in the barangay.
Health and Nutrition
There are 9 children who are classified as malnourished in the barangay, 5 of whom are male and 4 are female. The following table shows the nutritional status of children:
|Nutritional Status||Number of children 0-5 years old||Nutrition status of children 0-5 years old|
|Below Normal (moderate)||7||4||3|
|Below Normal (severe)||2||1||1|
There is no incidence that children under 5 years old died and of women who died due to pregnancy related-causes death.
There is 1 or 0.4% household in the barangay that lives in makeshift housing or an improvised housing built of waste materials which are usually from burned or condemned structures, which are being used as living quarters at the time of the census. It can be found in purok 6. 5 (1.8%) households are informal settlers or where the housing units have been constructed on land that the occupants have no legal claim to, or occupy illegally. Most informal settlements are found in Purok 1 (4 households). The table below shows the tenure status in the barangay:
|Owner, owner-like possession of house and lot||226||88.18|
|Rent house/room including lot||3||1.09|
|Own house, rent lot||1||0.36|
|Own house, rent-free lot with consent of owner||39||14.18|
|Own house, rent-free lot without consent of owner||3||1.09|
|Rent-free house and lot with consent of owner||1||0.36|
|Living in public space without rent||2||0.73|
Water and Sanitation
58 or 21.1% of households have no access to sanitary toilet facilities. Purok 3 and 5 has the most number of households with no access with 13 and 11 respectively. The table below shows the toilet facility in the barangay:
|Type of Toilet Facility||Magnitude||Proportion|
|Water-sealed flush to sewerage/septic tank-own||178||64.73|
|Water-sealed flush to sewerage/septic tank-shared||11||4.00|
Meanwhile, only 2 households from the barangay have no access to safe water. The source of the drinking water can be shown below:
|Source of Drinking Water||Magnitude||Proportion|
|Own faucet water inside the household||167||60.73|
|Own faucet water inside the yard||85||30.91|
|Public tap/stand pipe||0||0.00|
|Tube well or borehole||1||0.36|
|Protected dug well||1||0.36|
|Semi-protected dug well||0||0.00|
|Unprotected dug well||2||0.73|
|Protected spring water||18||6.55|
In elementary participation, 28 children (13 male and 15 female) who are aged 6-12 years old are not in elementary education. One every 9 children in this age range is not attending elementary school.
In high school participation, a total of 75 children who are aged 13-16 are not in high school. There are more males (46) than females (29) who are not attending high school. Purok 6 has the most members not in high school with 16.
Here is the overall school participation in the barangay:
|Purok||Number of children 6-16 years old||Children 6-16 years old not attending school|
Of the total 1,129 who are aged 10 and above, 28 are illiterate with 18 male and 10 female as shown below:
|Purok||Number of persons 10 years old and above||Illiterate persons 10 years old and above|
Income and Livelihood
There are 450 members (336 male and 114 female) who are members of the labor force, there are 6 households have reported having members who are unemployed. There are 3 male and 3 female who are considered unemployed.
Of the 275 households, there are no households that have experienced food shortage. 177 households lie below the poverty threshold, roughly 64.4% of the household in the barangay. Poverty threshold or poverty line is the minimum income deemed adequate in a household. The currently used poverty threshold is: 19,069 (Rural) and 20,315 (Urban). Purok 2 has the most number of households living below the poverty threshold with 32.
116 households or 42.2% live below the food threshold; it refers to the basic food requirements which meet 100% adequacy of the RDA for energy (2000 calories) and 80% adequacy of other nutrients as recommended by the FNRI. The currently used food threshold is: 13,319 (Rural) and 14,189 (Urban). Most of this household can be found in Purok 2 (26 households).
Here is the type of business/industry and class of worker in the barangay:
|Type of business/industry||Magnitude||Proportion|
|Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing||224||218||6||50.45||65.47||5.41|
|Mining and Quarrying||3||2||1||0.68||0.60||0.90|
|Electricity, Gas, Steam and Air Conditioning Supply||5||5||0||1.13||1.50||0.00|
|Water Supply; Sewerage, Waste Management and Remediation Activities||0||0||0||0.00||0.00||0.00|
|Wholesale and Retail Trade; Repair of Motor Vehicles and Motorcycles||54||14||38||11.71||4.20||34.23|
|Transportation and Storage||18||18||0||4.05||5.41||0.00|
|Accommodation and Food Service Activities||4||3||1||0.90||0.90||0.90|
|Information and Communication||1||1||0||0.23||0.30||0.00|
|Financial and Insurance Activities||1||1||0||0.23||0.30||0.00|
|Real Estate Activities||0||0||0||0.00||0.00||0.00|
|Professional, Scientific and Technical Activities||0||0||0||0.00||0.00||0.00|
|Administrative and Support Service Activities||2||1||1||0.45||0.30||0.90|
|Public Administration and Defense; Compulsory Social Security||11||7||4||2.48||2.10||3.60|
|Human Health & Social Work Activities||5||1||4||1.13||0.30||3.60|
|Arts, Entertainment and Recreation||0||0||0||0.00||0.00||0.00|
|Other Service Activities||27||19||8||6.08||5.71||7.21|
|Activities of Households as Employers; Undifferentiated Goods-and-Services||60||16||44||13.51||4.80||39.64|
|Activities of Extra-Territorial Organizations and Bodies||0||0||0||0.00||0.00||0.00|
|Class of worker||Magnitude||Proportion|
|Worked for a household||59||20||39||13.29||6.01||35.14|
|Worked for a private establishment||92||60||32||20.72||18.02||28.83|
|Worked for government/ government corporation||22||11||11||4.95||3.30||9.91|
|Self employed without employees||55||33||22||12.39||9.91||19.82|
|Employer in own family-operated farm or business||10||8||2||2.25||2.40||1.80|
|Worked with pay on own family operated farm or business||36||34||2||8.11||10.21||1.80|
|Worked without pay on own family operated farm or business||171||166||5||38.51||49.85||4.50|
|Working for government of another country||0||0||0||0.00||0.00||0.00|
Peace and Order
Crime is an act or offense from a public law which makes the offender liable to punishment by the state. It can be categorized as crimes against person and against property. There is 1 person victimized by a crime in the barangay. The crime committed in the barangay is Physical Injury.
Service Institutions and Infrastructure
The barangay has 1 health facility which is the Barangay Health Center. The nearest hospital and drugstore could be found 25 kilometers and 15 from the Barangay Hall, respectively. Baligang Covered Court and Barangay Outpost are the 2 service facilities in the barangay. Educational facilities can also be found with Day Care Center, Pre-school and Elementary School. The nearest high school and college or vocational school can be located 2 kilometers and 25 kilometers away from the barangay proper, respectively.
The public transportation present in the barangay is Jeepney and Tricycle. The road is concrete and in good condition, it is maintained by the City and Barangay Government.
Compost pits and burning are the most common garbage or waste disposal system in the community. Open dump site and sanitary landfill is 25 kilometers away from the barangay.
The source of electricity in the barangay is provided and maintained by Albay Power and Energy Corporation (APEC) thru the Barangay Power Association (BAPA).
Source: CBMS 2012