BARANGAY PROFILE


Barangay Official:
Barangay Captain: Domingo R. Corral
Councilors: Cesar P. Roldan
  Roderick C. De Luna
  Elizabeth B. Suarez
  Natividad P. Payapag
  Belen A. Naperi
  Rey O. Nierva
  Adolfo R. Piquete
Sk Chairman: Jayson P. Payadyad
Secretary: Maribel O. Tuazon
Treasurer: Michael M. Payonga

Historical/Legendary Background

There are no known dates and persons responsible for the establishment of the barangay. However, during the Japanese occupation of the Philippines in 1942 to 1945, the barangay is already known as ABELLA.

According to the legend, the place was abundant with plants called “marabella”, a creeping plant wherein their flower emits a very unpleasant odor. As time passed by, people shortened the name of the plant to “abella”, and the place was named after it.

It was noted that the first settlers of the place were Itas, but during the coming of the Insurrectos, these people vanished for unknown reasons.

Fiesta is celebrated every 5th day of May, in honor of their Patron Saint, Nuestra Señora de La Paz.


Geography/Topography

Abella has a total land area of 2,223 hectares (ha) where 555.75 ha is residential land and 1,667.25 is agricultural land. It is classified as a rural barangay in the upland area of the city. It is bounded on the East by Barangay Palapas; on the West by the Municipality of Oas; on the North by Barangay San Vicente; and on the South by the Municipality of Pioduran.


 Demography

According to the 2012 Community Based Monitoring System (CBMS) Survey, the total number of households is 236 with a population of 1,134 where 600 are male and 534 are female. It has an average household size of 5. The number of members according to their age group and sex is the following:

Age Year

Sex Total
Male

Female

0 to less than 5 47 48 95
5 to less than 10 81 75 156
10 to less than 15 82 66 148
15 to less than 20 81 63 144
20 to less than 25 70 63 133
25 to less than 30 31 30 61
30 to less than 35 33 26 59
35 to less than 40 24 30 54
40 to less than 45 32 29 61
45 to less than 50 29 29 58
50 to less than 55 24 21 45
55 to less than 60 24 18 42
60 to less than 65 10 11 21
65 to less than 70 12 4 16
70 to less than 75 7 11 18
75 to less than 80 7 7 14
80 to less than 85 4 1 5
85 to less than 90 1 2 3
90 to less than 95 1 0 1
Total 600 534 1134

During the survey, the number of members who are 17 years old and above is 684, yet the number of the registered voters is only 523, garnering only 76.46% of the actual voters in the barangay.


Health and Nutrition

There are 13 children who are classified as malnourished in the barangay, 5 of whom are male and 8 are female. The following table shows the nutritional status of children:

Nutritional Status Number of children 0-5 years old Nutrition status of children 0-5 years old
Total Male Female Total Male Female
  122 58 64      
  Above Normal       0 0 0
  Normal       66 34 32
  Below Normal (moderate)       9 5 4
  Below Normal (severe)       4 0 4

There is no incidence where a child under 5 years old died, as well as pregnancy related-causes death.


Housing

A total of 4 (1.7%) of households in the barangay live in makeshift housing or an improvised housing built of waste materials which are usually from burned or condemned structures, that is being used as living quarters at the time of the census. 70 (29.7%) households are informal settlers or where the housing units have been constructed on land that the occupants have no legal claim to, or occupy illegally. Most informal settlements are found in Purok 3. The table below shows the tenure status in the barangay:

 Tenure Status

Magnitude

Proportion

  Owner, owner-like possession of house and lot 71 30.08
  Rent house/room including lot 3 1.27
  Own house, rent lot 0 0.00
  Own house, rent-free lot with consent of owner 86 36.44
  Rent-free house and lot with consent of owner 5 2.12
  Living in a public space with rent 1 0.42
  Living in a public space without rent 69 29.24
  Other tenure status 1 0.42

Water and Sanitation

74 or 31.4% of households have no access to sanitary toilet facilities. Purok 6 and 7 have the most number of households with no access while Purok 2 has only 1 household that has no sanitary toilet facilities. The table below shows the toilet facility in the barangay:

 Type of Toilet Facility Magnitude Proportion
  Water-sealed flush to sewerage/septic tank-own 129 54.66
  Water-sealed flush to sewerage/septic tank-shared 6 2.54
  Closed pit 27 11.44
  Open pit 5 2.12
  No toilet 69 29.24

Meanwhile, all households from the barangay have access to safe water. The source of the drinking water can be shown below:

 Source of Drinking Water Magnitude Proportion
  Own faucet water inside the household 12 5.08
  Own faucet water inside the yard 72 30.51
  Public tap/stand pipe 85 36.02
  Tube well or borehole 51 21.61
  Protected dug well 5 2.12
  Protected spring water 3 1.27
  Bottled/mineral water 8 3.39

Basic Education

Even before the coming of the Japanese, the barangay has been maintaining a Primary School through the collaborated efforts of the parents. Primary education is conducted inside the barangay chapel. At present, Abella Elementary School offers primary and intermediate education whose site was donated by a certain Mr. Serafin Timog.

In 1996, a Day Care Center that caters for the pre-schoolers was established through the efforts of the Sangguniang Barangay.

In elementary participation, 34 children (22 male and 12 female) who are aged 6-12 years old are not in elementary education. One every 6 children in this age range is not attending elementary school.

In high school participation, a total of 71 children who are aged 13-16 are not in high school. There are more males (43) than females (28) who are not attending high school. All the members in the age range of Purok 5 are not in high school.

Here is the overall school participation in the barangay:

Purok

Number of children 6-15 years old Children 6-15 years old not attending school
Magnitude

Proportion

Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female
                   
  305 170 135 26 19 7 8.52 11.18 5.19
                   
  Purok 01 35 16 19 2 0 2 5.71 0.00 10.53
  Purok 02 51 30 21 1 1 0 1.96 3.33 0.00
  Purok 03 71 46 25 9 8 1 12.68 17.39 4.00
  Purok 04 22 13 9 3 2 1 13.64 15.38 11.11
  Purok 05 44 27 17 4 3 1 9.09 11.11 5.88
  Purok 06 47 20 27 6 4 2 12.77 20.00 7.41
  Purok 07 35 18 17 1 1 0 2.86 5.56 0.00

Of the total 883 who are aged 10 and above, 14 are illiterate with 7 both in male and female as shown below:

Purok

Number of persons 10 years old and above Illiterate persons 10 years old and above
Magnitude

Proportion

Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female
                   
  883 472 411 14 7 7 1.59 1.48 1.70
                   
  Purok 01 126 63 63 6 3 3 4.76 4.76 4.76
  Purok 02 157 91 66 1 1 0 0.64 1.10 0.00
  Purok 03 227 125 102 2 2 0 0.88 1.60 0.00
  Purok 04 48 28 20 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Purok 05 82 43 39 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Purok 06 135 67 68 5 1 4 3.70 1.49 5.88
  Purok 07 108 55 53 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 0.00

Income and Livelihood

There are 423 members (317 male and 106 female) who are members of the labor force, only 2 households have reported having members who are unemployed. There are only 1 male and 1 female who are considered unemployed. They are both from Purok 2.

Of the 236 households, a total of 18 households had experienced food shortage. 172 households lie below the poverty threshold, roughly 73% of the household in the barangay. Poverty threshold or poverty line is the minimum income deemed adequate in a household. The currently used poverty threshold is: 19,069 (Rural) and 20,315 (Urban). Purok 3 has the most number of households living below the poverty threshold with 46.

123 households or 52.1% live below the food threshold; it refers to the basic food requirements which meet 100% adequacy of the RDA for energy (2000 calories) and 80% adequacy of other nutrients as recommended by the FNRI.  The currently used food threshold is: 13,319 (Rural) and 14,189 (Urban). Most of this household can be found in Purok 3 (32 household).

Here is the type of business/industry and class of worker in the barangay:

Type of business/industry

 
Magnitude Proportion
Total Male Female Total Male

Female

             
  Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing 218 202 16 51.78 63.92 15.24
  Mining and Quarrying 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 0.00
  Manufacturing 9 8 1 2.14 2.53 0.95
  Electricity, Gas, Steam and Air Conditioning Supply 2 2 0 0.48 0.63 0.00
  Water Supply; Sewerage, Waste Management and Remediation Activities 1 1 0 0.24 0.32 0.00
  Construction 52 50 2 12.35 15.82 1.90
  Wholesale and Retail Trade; Repair of Motor Vehicles and Motorcycles 29 7 22 6.89 2.22 20.95
  Transportation and Storage 6 6 0 1.43 1.90 0.00
  Accomodation and Food Service Activities 3 2 1 0.71 0.63 0.95
  Information and Communication 2 1 1 0.48 0.32 0.95
  Professional, Scientific and Technical Activities 2 1 1 0.48 0.32 0.95
  Public Administration and Defense; Compulsory Social Security 19 13 6 4.51 4.11 5.71
  Education 5 2 3 1.19 0.63 2.86
  Human Health & Social Work Activities 5 0 5 1.19 0.00 4.76
  Arts, Entertainment and Recreation 1 1 0 0.24 0.32 0.00
  Other Service Activities 33 10 23 7.84 3.16 21.90
  Activities of Households as Employers; Undifferentiated Goods-and-Services 44 11 33 10.45 3.48 31.43

Class of worker

 

Magnitude

Proportion

Total Male Female Total Male

Female

             
  Worked for a household 48 24 24 11.40 7.59 22.86
  Worked for a private establishment 99 70 29 23.52 22.15 27.62
  Worked for government/ government corporation 30 17 13 7.13 5.38 12.38
  Self emplyed without employees 32 27 5 7.60 8.54 4.76
  Employer in own family-operated farm or business 55 39 16 13.06 12.34 15.24
  Worked with pay on own family operated farm or business 113 100 13 26.84 31.65 12.38
  Worked without pay on own family operated farm or business 48 40 8 11.40 12.66 7.62
  Working for government of another country 5 0 5 1.19 0.00 4.76

Peace and Order

Crime is an act or offense from a public law which makes the offender liable to punishment by the state. It can be categorized as crimes against person and against property. Only 1 household was victimized by a crime which is Murder/Homicide. It is located in Purok 3.


Service Institutions and Infrastructure

The barangay has 1 health facility which is the Barangay Health Center. The nearest hospital and drugstore could be found 35 and 17 kilometers from the Barangay Hall respectively. Abella Covered Court, Barangay Outpost and Abella Public Market are the 3 service facilities in the barangay. Educational facilities can also be found such as Day Care Center, Pre-School and Elementary School. The nearest high school can be located 3 kilometers away from the barangay proper.

The types of public transportation present in the barangay are Jeepney, Tricycle and motorcycle. The road is concrete but in poor condition.

Compost pits is the most common garbage or waste disposal system in the community. Open dump site and sanitary landfill is 17 kilometers away from the barangay.

The source of electricity in the barangay is provided and maintained by Albay Power and Energy Corporation (APEC) thru the Barangay Power Association (BAPA).


Source: CBMS 2012