|Barangay Captain:||Domingo R. Corral|
|Councilors:||Cesar P. Roldan|
|Roderick C. De Luna|
|Elizabeth B. Suarez|
|Natividad P. Payapag|
|Belen A. Naperi|
|Rey O. Nierva|
|Adolfo R. Piquete|
|Sk Chairman:||Jayson P. Payadyad||Secretary:||Maribel O. Tuazon|
|Treasurer:||Michael M. Payonga|
There are no known dates and persons responsible for the establishment of the barangay. However, during the Japanese occupation of the Philippines in 1942 to 1945, the barangay is already known as ABELLA.
According to the legend, the place was abundant with plants called “marabella”, a creeping plant wherein their flower emits a very unpleasant odor. As time passed by, people shortened the name of the plant to “abella”, and the place was named after it.
It was noted that the first settlers of the place were Itas, but during the coming of the Insurrectos, these people vanished for unknown reasons.
Fiesta is celebrated every 5th day of May, in honor of their Patron Saint, Nuestra Señora de La Paz.
Abella has a total land area of 2,223 hectares (ha) where 555.75 ha is residential land and 1,667.25 is agricultural land. It is classified as a rural barangay in the upland area of the city. It is bounded on the East by Barangay Palapas; on the West by the Municipality of Oas; on the North by Barangay San Vicente; and on the South by the Municipality of Pioduran.
According to the 2012 Community Based Monitoring System (CBMS) Survey, the total number of households is 236 with a population of 1,134 where 600 are male and 534 are female. It has an average household size of 5. The number of members according to their age group and sex is the following:
|0 to less than 5||47||48||95|
|5 to less than 10||81||75||156|
|10 to less than 15||82||66||148|
|15 to less than 20||81||63||144|
|20 to less than 25||70||63||133|
|25 to less than 30||31||30||61|
|30 to less than 35||33||26||59|
|35 to less than 40||24||30||54|
|40 to less than 45||32||29||61|
|45 to less than 50||29||29||58|
|50 to less than 55||24||21||45|
|55 to less than 60||24||18||42|
|60 to less than 65||10||11||21|
|65 to less than 70||12||4||16|
|70 to less than 75||7||11||18|
|75 to less than 80||7||7||14|
|80 to less than 85||4||1||5|
|85 to less than 90||1||2||3|
|90 to less than 95||1||0||1|
During the survey, the number of members who are 17 years old and above is 684, yet the number of the registered voters is only 523, garnering only 76.46% of the actual voters in the barangay.
Health and Nutrition
There are 13 children who are classified as malnourished in the barangay, 5 of whom are male and 8 are female. The following table shows the nutritional status of children:
|Nutritional Status||Number of children 0-5 years old||Nutrition status of children 0-5 years old|
|Below Normal (moderate)||9||5||4|
|Below Normal (severe)||4||0||4|
There is no incidence where a child under 5 years old died, as well as pregnancy related-causes death.
A total of 4 (1.7%) of households in the barangay live in makeshift housing or an improvised housing built of waste materials which are usually from burned or condemned structures, that is being used as living quarters at the time of the census. 70 (29.7%) households are informal settlers or where the housing units have been constructed on land that the occupants have no legal claim to, or occupy illegally. Most informal settlements are found in Purok 3. The table below shows the tenure status in the barangay:
|Owner, owner-like possession of house and lot||71||30.08|
|Rent house/room including lot||3||1.27|
|Own house, rent lot||0||0.00|
|Own house, rent-free lot with consent of owner||86||36.44|
|Rent-free house and lot with consent of owner||5||2.12|
|Living in a public space with rent||1||0.42|
|Living in a public space without rent||69||29.24|
|Other tenure status||1||0.42|
Water and Sanitation
74 or 31.4% of households have no access to sanitary toilet facilities. Purok 6 and 7 have the most number of households with no access while Purok 2 has only 1 household that has no sanitary toilet facilities. The table below shows the toilet facility in the barangay:
|Type of Toilet Facility||Magnitude||Proportion|
|Water-sealed flush to sewerage/septic tank-own||129||54.66|
|Water-sealed flush to sewerage/septic tank-shared||6||2.54|
Meanwhile, all households from the barangay have access to safe water. The source of the drinking water can be shown below:
|Source of Drinking Water||Magnitude||Proportion|
|Own faucet water inside the household||12||5.08|
|Own faucet water inside the yard||72||30.51|
|Public tap/stand pipe||85||36.02|
|Tube well or borehole||51||21.61|
|Protected dug well||5||2.12|
|Protected spring water||3||1.27|
Even before the coming of the Japanese, the barangay has been maintaining a Primary School through the collaborated efforts of the parents. Primary education is conducted inside the barangay chapel. At present, Abella Elementary School offers primary and intermediate education whose site was donated by a certain Mr. Serafin Timog.
In 1996, a Day Care Center that caters for the pre-schoolers was established through the efforts of the Sangguniang Barangay.
In elementary participation, 34 children (22 male and 12 female) who are aged 6-12 years old are not in elementary education. One every 6 children in this age range is not attending elementary school.
In high school participation, a total of 71 children who are aged 13-16 are not in high school. There are more males (43) than females (28) who are not attending high school. All the members in the age range of Purok 5 are not in high school.
Here is the overall school participation in the barangay:
|Number of children 6-15 years old||Children 6-15 years old not attending school|
Of the total 883 who are aged 10 and above, 14 are illiterate with 7 both in male and female as shown below:
|Number of persons 10 years old and above||Illiterate persons 10 years old and above|
Income and Livelihood
There are 423 members (317 male and 106 female) who are members of the labor force, only 2 households have reported having members who are unemployed. There are only 1 male and 1 female who are considered unemployed. They are both from Purok 2.
Of the 236 households, a total of 18 households had experienced food shortage. 172 households lie below the poverty threshold, roughly 73% of the household in the barangay. Poverty threshold or poverty line is the minimum income deemed adequate in a household. The currently used poverty threshold is: 19,069 (Rural) and 20,315 (Urban). Purok 3 has the most number of households living below the poverty threshold with 46.
123 households or 52.1% live below the food threshold; it refers to the basic food requirements which meet 100% adequacy of the RDA for energy (2000 calories) and 80% adequacy of other nutrients as recommended by the FNRI. The currently used food threshold is: 13,319 (Rural) and 14,189 (Urban). Most of this household can be found in Purok 3 (32 household).
Here is the type of business/industry and class of worker in the barangay:
Type of business/industry
|Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing||218||202||16||51.78||63.92||15.24|
|Mining and Quarrying||0||0||0||0.00||0.00||0.00|
|Electricity, Gas, Steam and Air Conditioning Supply||2||2||0||0.48||0.63||0.00|
|Water Supply; Sewerage, Waste Management and Remediation Activities||1||1||0||0.24||0.32||0.00|
|Wholesale and Retail Trade; Repair of Motor Vehicles and Motorcycles||29||7||22||6.89||2.22||20.95|
|Transportation and Storage||6||6||0||1.43||1.90||0.00|
|Accomodation and Food Service Activities||3||2||1||0.71||0.63||0.95|
|Information and Communication||2||1||1||0.48||0.32||0.95|
|Professional, Scientific and Technical Activities||2||1||1||0.48||0.32||0.95|
|Public Administration and Defense; Compulsory Social Security||19||13||6||4.51||4.11||5.71|
|Human Health & Social Work Activities||5||0||5||1.19||0.00||4.76|
|Arts, Entertainment and Recreation||1||1||0||0.24||0.32||0.00|
|Other Service Activities||33||10||23||7.84||3.16||21.90|
|Activities of Households as Employers; Undifferentiated Goods-and-Services||44||11||33||10.45||3.48||31.43|
Class of worker
|Worked for a household||48||24||24||11.40||7.59||22.86|
|Worked for a private establishment||99||70||29||23.52||22.15||27.62|
|Worked for government/ government corporation||30||17||13||7.13||5.38||12.38|
|Self emplyed without employees||32||27||5||7.60||8.54||4.76|
|Employer in own family-operated farm or business||55||39||16||13.06||12.34||15.24|
|Worked with pay on own family operated farm or business||113||100||13||26.84||31.65||12.38|
|Worked without pay on own family operated farm or business||48||40||8||11.40||12.66||7.62|
|Working for government of another country||5||0||5||1.19||0.00||4.76|
Peace and Order
Crime is an act or offense from a public law which makes the offender liable to punishment by the state. It can be categorized as crimes against person and against property. Only 1 household was victimized by a crime which is Murder/Homicide. It is located in Purok 3.
Service Institutions and Infrastructure
The barangay has 1 health facility which is the Barangay Health Center. The nearest hospital and drugstore could be found 35 and 17 kilometers from the Barangay Hall respectively. Abella Covered Court, Barangay Outpost and Abella Public Market are the 3 service facilities in the barangay. Educational facilities can also be found such as Day Care Center, Pre-School and Elementary School. The nearest high school can be located 3 kilometers away from the barangay proper.
The types of public transportation present in the barangay are Jeepney, Tricycle and motorcycle. The road is concrete but in poor condition.
Compost pits is the most common garbage or waste disposal system in the community. Open dump site and sanitary landfill is 17 kilometers away from the barangay.
The source of electricity in the barangay is provided and maintained by Albay Power and Energy Corporation (APEC) thru the Barangay Power Association (BAPA).
Source: CBMS 2012